Comprehensive Study on Limestone Weathering Grade and Risk Potential in Batu Cave, Malaysia.


  • Hamasa Kambakhsh Afghanistan
  • Nik Norsyahariati



limestone, Weathering Grade, Rock-fall, Classification, Batu Caves


The limestone formations within Batu Cave, situated in the Selangor region represent a significant geological phenomenon in Malaysia, capturing the attention of engineers due to their distinctive karst features. The assessment entails a comprehensive review of geological characteristics, currently employed categorization frameworks, assessment approaches, and the possible ramifications for the construction industry, infrastructure advancement, and the natural surroundings. This study aims to enhance the collective comprehension of limestone weathering and its impact on risk assessment due to weathered processes. The insights gained from the distinctive circumstances surrounding Batu Cave possess the capacity to guide optimal approaches and tactics for addressing the consequences of limestone weathering. The Batu Caves attract a substantial number of tourists annually. Consequently, it is subject to significant levels of human activity and encounters high traffic volumes. Moreover, Batu Cave encompasses an assemblage of Hindu temples and shrines, so setting it apart from numerous other limestone formations due to its cultural and religious significance. The impact of urban environments on weathering processes differs significantly from that observed in limestone formations found in other geographical areas.    based on the geological landscape of Batu cave effects reveal moderate stability in sections 1, 3, and 8, while sections 6 and 7 pose an elevated risk of limestone collapse, emphasizing the need for efficient risk mitigation measures for the cave's preservation. The parts that have been assessed as risk areas need risk reduction techniques such as taking nets and giving strong foundations and installing danger signs so that people who come to the area are safe. This analysis provides a deeper understanding of limestone weathering in Batu Cave, emphasizing the need for efficient risk mitigation techniques to address weathering issues. This could lead to the preservation of Batu Cave's geological significance and potentially global applications for limestone-rich places. The study contributes to engineering, construction, and environmental conservation by providing valuable resources for decision-making.




How to Cite

Kambakhsh, H., & Nik Daud, N. N. (2024). Comprehensive Study on Limestone Weathering Grade and Risk Potential in Batu Cave, Malaysia. The Journal of The Institution of Engineers Malaysia, 84(2).